Due to the high demand and severe organ scarcity worldwide, there is a growing number of identified cases of organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal. While the commercial trade of human organs is illegal within the EU, different EU countries have different organ donation policies that may have an impact on the crime of organ trade within the region. This research project will look at two EU countries that have different deceased organ donation consent regulations. It will investigate the impact these regulations have on trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal.
This is a comparative case study that aims to identify the relationship between opt-in and opt-out donation policies and the demand in illicit organ transplantations given the cases of Denmark and Sweden. It will investigate the impact the Swedish and Danish regulations have on trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal. Bearing in mind the complex nature of this study, the research design of this project will employ the combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches.
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